shadow puppetry (Pi Ying)
Shadow puppetry originated during the Han Dynasty and became quite popular as early as the Song Dynasty. Shadow puppets were first made of paper sculpture, later from the hides of donkeys or oxen. That's why the Chinese name for shadow puppet is pi ying, which means shadows of hides.
The shadow play in Changsha is populated for its lively figure and elaborated facture, giving plays with the themes of history, myth and modern stories. Chengguan Town of Wangcheng County is reputed as “Land of Shadow Play”.
Hunan Embroidery is a folk art with Xiang-Chu cultural characteristics created by the industrious and intelligent people of Hunan during the long period of historical civilization. Biginning with over 2000 years ago (the spring & Autumn Periond), Hunan Embroidery has long historical origins. Lots of embroideries have been unearthed in the Warring States' Chu Tomb and Xihan Dynasty's Mawangdui Tomb in Changsha. Exploring and a lot of traditional Chinese painters concentrated on studies, Hunan Embroidery absorbed the art quintessence of old Chinese culture from painting, embroidery, classical Chinese poems & songs, calligraphy and metal & stone, thus, Hunan Embroidery has formed its own characteristics: basing on traditional Chinese painting, meticulously portraying on different materials with scores of needle ways and many embroidery threads of different chlorite. In early 20th century, Hunan Embroidery gained many outstanding honors for its unique style at home and abroad and became one of the four famous embroideries in China.
Paper-cut, a very distinctive visual art of Chinese handicrafts, originated from the 6th century. Traditionally, paper-cuts are used for religious purposes, for decoration and as patterns. Today, papercuttings are chiefly used as decoration. They ornament walls, windows, doors, columns, mirrors, lamps and lanterns in homes and are also used for decoration on presents or are given as presents themselves. They have special significance at festivals and on holidays. At the New Year's Festival for example, entrances are decorated with papercuttings which are supposed to bring good luck.
Porcelain of Tongguan Kiln
Tongguan Kiln site as one of the major sites to be protected at the national level is located at Caitaoyuan village of Wangcheng County's T-shaped town, 20 kms away from Changsha downtown.
The painted porcelain under the glaze was first invented in Changsha Kiln, which changed the uniform pattern of porcelain wares before Tang Dynasty (618-907). The porcelain style in this kiln was unique across the country at that time, Wen introduced. Changsha Kiln was also one of the famous production bases of porcelain products for export which could be bought in 29 countries and regions in the world.
Zongzi (Rice Dumpling)
Zongzi (or zong) is a traditional Chinese food, made of glutinous rice stuffed with different fillings and wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves. They are cooked by steaming or boiling. They are known in Japanese as chimaki. Laotians, Thais, Cambodians (known as Nom Asom) also have similar traditional dishes influenced by zongzi. They have also been known as "Chinese tamales" to the Western world.
Xiang vermicelli is also called “South vermicelli”, and it is named because it is produced in Hunan. It is as famous as Longkou vermicelli in Shandong and Qinghe vermicelli in Beijing. It is well sold all over the world.
Fancy lanterns, also called Colored Lamps, are special handicraft product of Chinese tradition which are widely used for decorations on festivals and holidays, weddings and other personal celebrations in China. According to statistics, fancy lantern was originated from the Western Han Dynasty over 1800 years ago. When Lantern Festival comes, people will hang red lanterns so as to create a cheerful atmosphere. Afterward lantern became the symbol of joy in China. With its development, the lantern has formed abundant varieties and super craftwork level.Chinese lantern always consist of a frame made of metal wire or bamboo strips covered with paper or thin gauze and then painted over to be attractive. The most popular types of fancy lanterns in Wangcheng are palace lanterns, the Zou Ma Deng, etc.
Heimeifeng Cloud Mist Tea